According to the North Rhine Westphalian State archives in Münster
the handing down of the Thonemann name started off in the monastic
settlement of Scherfede in 1568 at the latest. At that time Joist
I, brother of Abbot Martin in Hardehausen, was
active as councillor and chamberlain in Warburg between 1542 and 1572,
as many papers and council protocols show. Anyway during the lifetime
of Abbot Martin Thonemann pressure was exerted for the final settlement
of the high debt which their mother Metta after the premature death
of her husband Johann
V Heinrich Thone/Thonemann in 1536 had lent from
the monastery bit by bit in the time after.
In other papers there is a remark under Joist Thöne/Thonemann
"received monastery goods in Scherfede from Brother Martin".
A Johann Thone/Thonemann (probably Martin‘s other brother, who
was likewise entitled: Johann VI Thöne) was mentioned in another
letter according to the remarks of the State archives in Münster
in 1568. However it was recorded in the Hardehausen Monastery papers
in connection with the Thonemann settlement: "the goods (plural!)
in Scherfede are a matter of controversy with Tile Roling". Possibly
the real estate belonging to the monastery was still in the use of
Tile Roling through long-term leases. This also explains why Joist
I of Warburg did not complete the move to Scherfede to cultivate the
Anyway Abbot Martin Thonemann had gradually made monastery lands in
Scherfede amounting to 60 "Malter" grain over to his mother
Metta and confirmed this property later in a "Leibgedinge-Vertrag"
(including regular payment in kind to the monastery) for the mother
Metta and her three children (siblings of Abbot Martin: Joist, Johann
and Else) in 1568 which was not however recognised by Hardehausen
Monastery. A final arrangement concerning the settlement of the loan
followed five years after the death of Abbot Martin Thonemann "two
days after the feast of St. Jacob in 1572" in a settlement between
Hardehausen Monastery and the siblings Joist, Johann and Else Thonemann.
Mayor Johann Nabercord, Ulrich and Dietrich‘s brother was present
as arbitrator for this settlement.
A "Bemeierungsurkunde" (certifying that the holder is a
free farmer) concerning the "big farm in Scherfede" is not
available (any more). Abbot Martin was very fond of his brother Joist
and declared him among others a free farmer on Sunday Laetare (third
Sunday before Easter) with land in the Asseler Masche, half of which
Jost von Eddessen from Warburg built on.
Also the son of Joist I, Johann
VII remained living in Warburg, became councillor
and chamberlain of the town – like his father before him –
from 1586 to 1608. Johann VII died in Warburg in 1608; his descendants
are not registered in Warburg any more. He is regarded as the founding
father of the Thonemann branch of Scherfede. The son of Johann VII
Thöne, called Thonemann, Johann Thonemann, born in the period
from about 1580 to 1585, was entered as resident of Scherfede beside
Cord Thonemann and his wife in 1605 according to the files of the
administration of the district president in Dringenberg. He served
as judge of Scherfede for many years.
That family members of the well established Thonemann family in Warburg
settled in Scherfede
(see remarks on Scherfede) at all was a consequence of the loan for
the monastery in Hardehausen, which then in the handing over of lands
from the monastic settlement Scherfede which saw a possibility of
a solution to the settlement.
inscription above the door of the oldest half-timbered
house in Scherfede, Am Bach 3, (present owner, 2001, Heinrich
ANNO 1696 DENXXMAY IST DIESES HAUS GEBAVWET VON M JOHANNES
GÖTTEN UND ELISABEHT SHRÖDER
called Thonemann, born between about
1580 and 1585, was registered in the files of the administration of
the district president in Dringenberg as resident of Scherfede in
1605, as was his brother Cord. In 1620 it was reported of Johann Thonemann
that he had a big property in Scherfede. He became a judge in Scherfede,
the beginning and end of this high office could not be established.
However he held this honorary post for a long time in very difficult
war years, as it is said in an old source, "who was judge in
Scherfede for a particularly long time"(see section "Scherfede
in 15th and 16th centuries" for the significance of the office
The name of Johann‘s first wife, they married about 1612, is
not known; they had a son Johann who was born about 1620; he was mentioned
in 1634 as Johann junior. This Johann junior had several small children
baptised between 1649 and 1653. They all died as is seen in Scherfede
papers after the Thirty Years War. At the time in Scherfede the terrible
diseases small-pox and pustules were rampant which mostly had a fatal
effect due to the poor nourishment of the population on account of
the continuing plundering and the bad harvests in the war years. Johann
(junior) probably still lived in his father‘s home. In 1643
in the devastation of Scherfede (see details in the section "Scherfede
in the Thirty Years War") he also experienced the loss of
the two houses of his father Johann Thonemann (judge); the loss is
noted in the protocol of Scherfede (local chronicle). Johann junior
was – literally – "buried on 6th January 1659".
At that time he was about forty. Presumably he had no other descendants
especially as his wife‘s name is unknown and whether she died
in the turmoil of the war or as a result of the diseases rampant in
those terrible years.
Besides this a Hermann Tönemann, a farmer, is named; due to the
destruction of the register of Scherfede in the last years of the
war – probably also 1643 – no research is possible to
ascertain whether Hermann was a son of Cord Thonemann or of Johann
Johann Thonemann, the judge, married again after the death of his
first wife; only the first name, Elisabeth, is known of this woman.
The two children of this marriage are also known (because they belonged
to the upper class of Scherfede). They were: Heinrich, born on 3.3.1641
and Arnold, born on 7.2.1644 in Scherfede. (What a terrible situation:
the houses burnt in 1643; the residents driven out from house and
farm with such small children, two and one years of age). At this
second wedding of Johann between 1635 and 1640, his son Johann from
the first marriage acted as witness. This is stated in the records
of Scherfede. Johann (judge) died between 1655 and 1665.
The old forge of Nilius in the village centre on Hauptstraße
the son of Johann (judge) from the second marriage to Elisabeth N.,
was born in Scherfede on 3.3.1641. It is not known whom he married,
likewise in the case of his brother Arnold, born on 7.2.1644 (on account
of missing documents). This uncertainty also applies for Martin born
sometime between 1630 and 1640, who was mentioned along with Hermann.
There are exact details available again for the next generation.
Thonemann was born in 1684. Here there are exact
details available again. He was the son of Heinrich Thonemann. On
23.2.1716 – another date is also given 22.11.1716 – at
the time he was 32 years old – he married Gertrud Hoppen, born
in 1678 – therefore six years older than he. She died in 1750;
he in 1765.
Heinrich and Gertrud had six children; the first child, Johann Heinrich,
called after the father, was born in 1717 and died in the same year;
Anna Maria, the second child, was born on 25.8.1718; the course of
her further life has not been investigated. The third child, a son,
again called Johann Heinrich, was born in Scherfede on 1.11.1719.
He married Maria Wiemers. Bernhard Georg was born as the fourth child
on 14.9.1721; this boy died in 1723 – about two years of age.
The fifth child was Friedrich, born in 1722; he is regarded as the
founding father of the Ossendorf
Thonemann-branch. The sixth child, born on 24.12.1723, was as
a Christmas present the last child from this marriage. He was called
Johann Heinrich. On 16.1.1751, at the age of 27, this son married
Angela Gertrud Temmen from Bonenburg (township of Warburg); she was
born on 1.5.1723. Bride and groom were the same age. The couple had
one son, who again like father and grandfather was called Johann Heinrich.
He was born on 15.5.1758 and became a farmer in Scherfede. On 6.5.
he married Eva Maria Engemann from Rimbeck. She was born on 5.1.1765
and died on 25.3.1814 in Scherfede. The couple had twelve children:
1. Johann Joseph, born on 17.3.1788; 2. Johannes Laurentius, born
on 9.8.1789; 3. Johannes Andreas, born on 22.10.1791; 4. Anna Eva
Margareta, born on 21.8.1793; 5. Johannes Franziskus, born on 8.10.1795,
6. Anna Maria Elisabeth, born on 30.7.1797; 7. Anna Christina Maria
Elisabeth, born on 15.9.1799; 8. Anna Maria Theresia, born on 14.8.1801;
9. Anna Maria Theresia, born on 21.8.1802; 10. Augustinus, born on
14.12.1803; 11. Johann Bernhard, born on 1.8.1806; 12. Johann Anton,
born on 12.9.1808.
The old post office
Johann Heinrich Thonemann was – as pointed out above –
the third child of Johann Heinrich Thonemann and Gertrud (née
He was born in Scherfede on 1.11.1719; died on 28.8.1762 – not
yet 43 years of age. The marriage with Anna Maria Wiemers took place
on 28.2.1750; three children were born during the twelve-year marriage:
1. Anna Maria Christina, born in Scherfede on 18.4.1751; 2. Johannes
Heinrich, born on 8.4.1753, died in Scherfede on 25.3.1814; 3. Joes
Christoph, born in Scherfede on 4.2.1756. Anna Wiemers was born in
Scherfede in 1716 and died at the age of 84 on 13.1.1800. Johannes
Heinrich, the second child, continued the Scherfede branch.
|| Haus Linnhoff / Hagemeyer – the brandy factory
in the background, in which the Scherfede spirits "Diemel-Perle"
Joes Christoph Thonemann,
the third child of Johann Heinrich and Anna Maria, née Wiemers,
was born in Scherfede on 4.2.1756.
On 9.7.1784 at the age of 28 Christoph married Eva Maria Kohaupt –
23 years of age – born in Scherfede in 1761. It cannot be seen
from the official records if Eva Maria came from Scherfede or Rimbeck.
In any case between 1784 and 1790 Christoph moved to Rimbeck, as his
son Johann Heinrich was born in Rimbeck 1790.
Joes Christoph died at the age of 82 on 25.1.1838. His wife died after
a marriage of nine years at the age of 32 on 18.3.1793. In 1793 Christoph
married again. His second wife was Eva Margareta Günther, born
in 1761. On 28.10.1837 she died at the age of 76.
The following five children resulted from the first marriage: 1. Matthias,
born on 14.8.1785; 2. Johann Heinrich, born on 7.1.1787, died 1787;
3. Johann Bernhard Heinrich, born on 9.6.1788; 4. Johann Heinrich,
born on 14.2.1790; 5. Anna Maria Elisabeth, born on 17.2.1793, died
in the same year.
Two children resulted from the second marriage: Franziskus Antonius,
born on 24.1.1794, died 1794 and Johann Franziskus Josef Antonius,
born on 20.6.1801.
The fourth child from the first marriage is the founding father of
the Thonemann family, who continued the family in Rimbeck: Johann
Heinrich Thonemann, born on 14.2.1790 in Rimbeck.
More Thonemann Family lines remaining in Scherfede
or branching off
In Scherfede the Thonemann branch continued, but these bearers of
the name had no immediate and direct connection to the Rimbeck –
Dülmen branching off (direct descendants). The Scherfede and
Ossendorf branches can, like the Düsseldorf branches, be traced
back to Johann Thonemann 1557 to 1608 (Johann VII); he is regarded
as the founding father of the Scherfeder Thonemann branch; the son
Johann Thonemann was judge in Scherfede for many years. In the original
land survey of 1831 covering the whole area of Warburg, according
to the details of the land register there were three Thonemann properties
on "Münkenhof” in Scherfede: Johann Thonemann with
plots 244 and 245 (house, yardroom and garden); the house was at the
entrance to "Münkenhof” on Hauptstrasse (today, 1994,
Mönchshof no. 5); furthermore Josef Thonemann (probably Josef
Anton), whose house was between those of Johann Schulze and Andreas
Blömeken (referring to 1831) (plot 256) and Meinolph Thonemann,
whose house was between those of Philipp Schäfer and Engelbert
Fleischen (referring to 1831) (plots 225 and 226). The premises of
"Mönchshof” still look like then: however most of
the houses and farms have been rebuilt or altered.
The line descending from, or continued by, Joes Christoph went via
Johann Franz Josef Anton Thonemann (born 1801) via Johann Vincenz
Thonemann (born 1831). On this point it was reported in the year book
of the Scherfede community for 1868: "On 29th February 1868 the
roof of the houses of Wiemers, called Koken, burnt down. In the night
of 6th to 7th March 1868 the half-timbered house of J. Thonemann,
called Lüders, burnt to the ground. On 1st April 1868 the half-timbered
house of A. (August) Wiemers, called Wiemers-Jürgens burnt to
the ground, while at the same time also the house of Heinrich Schnückel,
called Mejers (Meggers?), caught fire, but the fire was quickly put
out. All the fires had been laid by a Josef Schulze, a local, because
he believed these people were to blame for the separation, partly
because they got something from his earlier sites in the separation
and he was disadvantaged. He was sentenced to fifteen years in prison.
He was responsible for his own discovery by writing a letter whereby
even more houses were to burn. He was supposed to have found this
letter at the scene of Thonemann’s fire and later to have put
back again, without reporting it. Luckily this letter was later found
by others and reported. It transpired that it was a numbered page
from a book of Schulz was torn out and used as a letter he wrote.
This little circumstance, the page, threw light upon all the fires
and thus he would have set fire to more and more houses if he had
not been caught, which he admitted himself. According to his own statement
he had often tried to set fire to other houses but did not succeed.
There was great agitation in the community as it had come to the stage
where there was a night-watch in almost every house. Besides this
every night there was a two-man patrol until the arsonist was discovered.”
Henneken (today Rose)
The house is at the corner of the Federal Highways B7
The branch continued via Johannes
Thonemann (born 1863); it was reported of Johannes
Thonemann that he was a founding member of the Spar- und Darlehnskasse
(Saving and lending bank) in Scherfede on 28.11.1891 and was elected
to the supervisory board; at the forty-year general meeting on 31st
May 1931 Johann Thonemann was specially honoured for his forty years
on the supervisory board. Until 1940 he held this office; on 6.3.1943
he died as an 80 year-old.
Johann Thonemann (born in 1899) is the next in line, then comes Johann
Heinrich Thonemann, born on 31.7.1936, who today (1994) with his son
Johannes Karl, born on 29.11.1965, runs his farm on Poststrasse in
A further Scherfede line branches off from Johann Heinrich Thonemann,
Scherfede, born on 1.11.1719, married to Anna Maria Wiemers. His first
born son, Johannes
Heinrich Thonemann, born on 8.4.1753, married
Eva Margarete Engemann in Rimbeck on 6.5.1787. She was born on 9.11.1765.
Four sons are known from this marriage: 1. Johann Josef, born on 17.3.1789,
2. Johann Andreas, born on 14.2.1790, 3. Johann Laurentius, born on
9.8.1792 and 4. Johann Franziscus, born on 8.10.1795. Johannes Heinrich
died in Scherfede on 25.3.1814, his wife on 20.9.1848.
Hauptstraße / at the level of Landage
This street was built by Napoleon’s troops.
Thonemann (the third son of Johannes Heinrich),
born in Scherfede on 14.2.1790, married Elisabeth Blömeke in
Scherfede on 19.8.1817. She was born in Rimbeck on 5.12.1796. It is
reported of him that he was "Gemeindeverordneter” for some
years in Scherfede. He had four sons baptised in Scherfede: Karl (Carolus)
Philip(p), born on 10.12.1817, Johann Heinrich, born on 17.6.1821,
Franziscus Josephus, born on 15.10.1829 and Clemens August, born on
16.5.1834. The father Johann Andreas was killed on 26th October 1845
after a drive from Obermarsberg. When backing the empty wagons at
Marsberg-downtown the front wagon tipped over. Elisabeth died in Scherfede
The line runs then to Karl Philipp Thonemann, born in 1817. From him
it is reported that he had found his cousin Anton Thonemann early
on 23 July 1854 "dead on his coal wagon, on which he had come
from Dalhausen in the night”.
The line goes on via Xaver Thonemann,
born on 13.8.1863, who worked as a master painter in Scherfede and
held the honorary community post as superintendent in Scherfede from
1912 to 1924. Xaver Thonemann’s son Rudolf
Thonemann, born on 28.4.1900, was also a master painter
in Scherfede, Briloner Strasse. Rudolf Thonemann’s son, Rainer
Thonemann, is still alive today and is next in line.
Like his father also a master painter, he took over the house on Briloner
Strasse in Scherfede, however already passed the business on to his
son. The son is also called Rainer, born in Scherfede on 9.2.1960.
The Thonemann line in Scherfede branches off at Karl
Philipp, born on 10.12.1817. On 22.11.1846 in
Scherfede he married Elisabeth Hoppe, born on 18.6.1819 in Scherfede.
The couple had seven children, four sons and three daughters. The
sons: Johannes, born on 8.11.1850, Joseph, born on 11.11.1854, Heinrich,
born on 31.1.1857 and Xaver, born on 13.8.1863; the daughters: Elisabeth,
born on 1.11.1847, Maria, born on 26.4.1849 and Theresia, born on
26.1.1853. Karl Philipp was a farmer and died at the age of 81 on
2.5.1899, his wife died five years later on 7.8.1904.
Now follows his eldest son Johannes,
on 8.11.1850. He was a train driver and part-time farmer in Scherfede.
He married Therese Spielrump in Warburg on 12.7.1879. She had been
born in Uelde on 2.5.1855. Two of their three sons, Heinrich Josef,
born on 7.8.1881, and Clemens Johannes, born on 27.1.1890, were employed
full-time by the Deutschen Reichsbahn (German Railways), the third
son Franz Rudolf, born on 9.5.1883 died in the same year; the four
daughters were Maria Clara, born 18.6.1880, died in March 1881, Maria
Elisabeth, born on 13.9.1887, Theresia Catharina, born on 9.10.1892,
died in April 1893 and Maria Josefa, born on 21.5.1895. Johannes,
the father, died on 2.7.1920, his wife on 16.1.1918, both in Scherfede.
house, Hauptstr. 63
"Haus Mauses” (1929)
Thonemann, born on 27.1.1890, was the next representative
in the family branch. As described already, he was employed by the
Deutschen Reichsbahn (German Railways) as a railway fitter. Besides
this he was also a part-time farmer. On 5.10.1921 he married Juliana
Blömeke, born on 30.10.1896, in Scherfede. In their 35-year marriage
the couple had two sons and a daughter: 1. Anna Theresia Clara, born
on 5.4.1923; 2. Heinrich Karl Johannes, born on 2.2.1926; 3. Alfred,
born on 31.12.1929. Clemens Thonemann died at the age of 66 in Scherfede
on 26.10.1956, his wife Juliana at the age of 83, on 16.1.1978, also
Clemen's son, Heinrich
Karl Johannes Thonemann, born on 2.2.1926 is another
representative of the Düsseldorf branch. At first he was also
with the railways – after the Second World War the Deutsche
Bundesbahn – then he changed to industry as a machine fitter
in Düsseldorf. Here he remained employed until his retirement
in 1989. He met his wife-to-be, Elisabeth Gretzke, in Düsseldorf.
They got married on 30.5.1952 in Düsseldorf.
The couple had two sons: Ralf Alfred Heinrich, born on 12.5.1959 and
Nico Thomas, born on 12.5.1961.